Huisu Yoon; Semin Kim; Jongha Lee; Sangwook Yoo
Facial skin analysis has attracted considerable attention in the skin health domain. The results of facial skin analysis can be used to provide skin care and cosmetic recommendations in aesthetic dermatology. Because of the existence of several skin featu
Yoon, H., Kim, S., Lee, J., & Yoo, S. (2023). Deep-Learning-Based Morphological Feature Segmentation for Facial Skin Image Analysis. Diagnostics, 13(11), 1894.
Facial skin analysis has attracted considerable attention in the skin health domain. The results of facial skin analysis can be used to provide skin care and cosmetic recommendations in aesthetic dermatology. Because of the existence of several skin features, grouping similar features and processing them together can improve skin analysis. In this study, a deep-learning-based method of simultaneous segmentation of wrinkles and pores is proposed. Unlike color-based skin analysis, this method is based on the analysis of the morphological structures of the skin. Although multiclass segmentation is widely used in computer vision, this segmentation was first used in facial skin analysis. The architecture of the model is U-Net, which has an encoder–decoder structure. We added two types of attention schemes to the network to focus on important areas. Attention in deep learning refers to the process by which a neural network focuses on specific parts of its input to improve its performance. Second, a method to enhance the learning capability of positional information is added to the network based on the fact that the locations of wrinkles and pores are fixed. Finally, a novel ground truth generation scheme suitable for the resolution of each skin feature (wrinkle and pore) was proposed. The experimental results revealed that the proposed unified method achieved excellent localization of wrinkles and pores and outperformed both conventional image-processing-based approaches and one of the recent successful deep-learning-based approaches. The proposed method should be expanded to applications such as age estimation and the prediction of potential diseases.